One of the advantages of being a docent in uniform is that visitors share information with you in the field. One such interesting experience happened to Kay Madore and me on 2 February 2005, that vividly illustrates why so often 20 pound bobcats are mistaken as mountain lions.
We talked to a visitor at Monument Hill, who relayed growing up on the wild west edge of Murrieta, and seeing bobcats and mountain lions at his house and nearby. As I always do in such cases, I asked him if he was sure about the mountain lion sightings, since 80% of all mountain lion sightings are something else. He assured me he did, and I was confident he was correct, since he had seen both.
Later in the day, heading south on the Trans Preserve Trail, passing Poppy Hill, he excitedly came back to us and reported he had just seen a bobcat on the south side of Hidden Valley Road, and a mountain lion on the north side. We got very excited about this as well, since Kay had just seen a mountain lion on Poppy Hill a month earlier in the same location.
We hurried to where he had last seen them, feeling quite safe in our total group of four people. The bobcat on the left couldn't be seen, but there on the right, in the distance, was - a bobcat!
The visitor quickly realized his "mountain lion" was in fact a bobcat.
The moral of the story is that even someone who knows the difference, and has seen both, can be mistaken in a quick scary encounter in the wild. This is especially true when the animal is far enough away so that one cannot tell for sure the size of the animal. A 20 pound bobcat becomes a 100 pound mountain lion if you think the distance to the animal is only 70% farther away. (Remember, weight scales as length cubed, so changing the length of the animal by a factor of 1.7 changes its weight by a factor of 5.)
Please note: 20% of all mountain lion sightings are indeed of real mountain lions. (:-)
Here are pictures of that bobcat, showing how difficult it is to identify an animal at the typical distances it is seen. The pictures were taken with a 5 Mpixel camera, with a 3x zoom lens, fully zoomed in on the mountain lion.
Original picture, displayed at 25% of full scale:
Can you find the bobcat in the picture above? Hint: it is just above the center of the picture.
The following picture is a crop from the above picture, with the bobcat circled:
Here are blowups of the three pictures in which the bobcat could be seen. These blowups approximate what the human eye saw in the field. The first picture below is from the picture above.
What really surprised me was that the bobcat looks very funny in the first picture above. It looked to me like the face of Samuel Johnson, or some equally dour 17th Century figure, pasted onto the body of a bobcat!
But amazingly, the picture matches quite well the beautiful drawing of a young bobcat (~ 6 months old) by Rick Bramhall in his Mammals of the Santa Rosa Plateau. In the pix below, I've flipped the first picture of the bobcat, and present Rick's full-size drawing as well as one scaled to the size of my picture:
Drawings from Rick Bramhall reproduced by permission. Rick's images are copyrighted, and cannot be reproduced further without permission.
Go to Wild Animals At the Santa Rosa Plateau
Copyright © 2005 by Tom Chester.
Permission is freely granted to reproduce any or all of this page as long as credit is given to me at this source:
Comments and feedback: Tom Chester
Updated 3 February 2005.