Flora of The Narrows Area, Anza-Borrego Desert State Park



Fig. 1. The Narrows area. The black lines show the northern and western boundaries for the voucher search. The solid blue lines show the area surveyed on 28 December 2014. The solid red loop shows the area surveyed on 2 February 2014. The solid green lines show the area surveyed on 3 January 2015.

This checklist is compiled from vouchers with coordinates taken in a the area surrounding The Narrows, along with a list of plants compiled from three surveys on 2 February 2014, 28 December 2014, and 3 January 2015, all done in a very dry year.

The vouchers come from a geographic coordinate area search on 4 January 2014 of the Consortium of California Herbaria.

The Consortium records were searched for vouchers with coordinates between 33.10 and 33.14° N. Latitude, and -116.32 and -116.27 E. Longitude. The search box is shown in Fig. 1 as the rectangle made from black arrowed lines. This search returned 241 vouchers of 113 taxa after tossing ones not in the target area (9 vouchers) or ones judged to be probably misdetermined as well as probably not in the target area (1, UC486382).

Table 1 gives the dominant collectors, those with 19 or more vouchers. No other collector had more than 8 vouchers.

Table 1. Dominant Collectors for The Narrows Area

# VouchersCollector
51Carl V. Meyer
43Bonnie C. Templeton
30Frank F. Gander
27W. L. Jepson
19N. C. Cooper

We couldn't find any biographical information online about Carl V. Meyer or N.C. Cooper.

Bonnie Templeton was the Curator of Botany at the Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History from 1929 to 1970, and was an on-call forensic botanist for the L.A. Police Department.

Frank Gander was the Curator of Botany at the San Diego Natural History Museum from 1935 to 1942.

Willis Linn Jepson was of course the first premier botanist of California.

Vouchers were collected in this area from 1920 to 2010, with 85% collected in 1920 to 1949, with only 26 vouchers (11%) collected in 2001 to 2010.

The trip on 2 February 2014 was a loop in Powder Dump Wash / Quartz Vein Wash, done primarily to map the Tiquilia canescens population here. We also recorded all the species we saw, which totaled 63. The area appeared very dry and drought-stressed during this survey, so nearly all annuals and perennials are missing from this field survey.

The trip on 28 December 2014 was also done to search for Tiquilia canescens in what appeared to be possible habitat for it near the south base of southeast Yaqui Ridge. No plants of that species were found. Just 51 species were recorded on that trip, which also surveyed a portion of San Felipe Creek.

The trip on 3 January 2015 was also done to search for Tiquilia canescens in what appeared to be possible habitat for it in The Narrows itself, and in the same rocks in Nude Wash where it was found in Quartz Vein Wash. However, no plants of that species were found. 74 species were recorded on that trip.

The final checklist for this area contains a total of 155 taxa. Of these 155 taxa, 62 are only from vouchers; 51 are from both our survey and vouchers; and 42 are only from our survey. Many of the vouchered species not seen in our survey are annuals not present in this dry year.

Judging from our survey alone, where only a bit more than half the species we found had vouchers from this area, it is likely that a checklist compiled only from these vouchers and from our three surveys in a depauperate year is highly incomplete.

Checklist for The Narrows Area

See Information about the order in which the species are presented, and the links from the Scientific Name and Common Name.

The column #V is the number of vouchers for each taxon from the Consortium, with a maximum value of 9.

The column #Pl gives the number of plants observed in our two surveys. The column YR is for the Yaqui Ridge survey on 28 December 2014; the column PD is for the Powder Dump Wash / Quartz Vein Wash survey on 2 February 2014; and the column TN is for the survey through The Narrows, up into Cactus Valley, and then up a bit of Nude Wash. All three surveys were done in very dry conditions.

Note that most annuals and many perennials are missing from the field surveys, due to the lack of surveys at prime time in a good rainfall year.

Version for printing, without lines and other text on this page: html (5 pages) or pdf Clickbook booklet (1 double-sided page). (See printing instructions for an explanation of these options)

#FamilScientific Name(*)Common Name#V#Pl
1SelagSelaginella eremophiladesert spike-moss  40 
2PteriCheilanthes parryiwoolly lipfern154103
3EphedEphedra asperaMormon tea1 5015
4EphedEphedra californicadesert tea6  2
5AcantJusticia californicachuparosa4999999
6AmaraAmaranthus fimbriatusfringed amaranth 993099
7ApocyAsclepias albicanswhite-stemmed milkweed  2 
8ApocyFunastrum hirtellumrambling milkweed 20 25
9AsterAdenophyllum porophylloidesSan Felipe dogweed  51
10AsterAmbrosia dumosaburroweed3305099
11AsterAmbrosia salsola var. salsolacheesebush2991099
12AsterBaccharis brachyphyllashort-leaved baccharis  1 
13AsterBebbia juncea var. asperasweetbush 50550
14AsterBrickellia frutescensshrubby brickellia2   
15AsterChaenactis carphoclinia var. carphocliniapebble pincushion  20 
16AsterChaenactis stevioidesdesert pincushion2   
17AsterDicoria canescensdesert dicoria1   
18AsterEncelia farinosabrittlebush4999999
19AsterEricameria paniculatablackbanded rabbitbrush   5
20AsterEriophyllum wallaceiWallace's woolly daisy1   
21AsterGeraea canescenshairy desert-sunflower1   
22AsterLogfia arizonicaArizona herba impia1   
23AsterMonoptilon bellioidesdesert star4   
24AsterPalafoxia arida var. aridaSpanish needle310 40
25AsterPectis papposa var. papposachinch-weed 99 3
26AsterPerityle emoryiEmory's rock-daisy4431
27AsterPleurocoronis plurisetaarrow-leaf2252040
28AsterPorophyllum gracileodora2  1
29AsterPsathyrotes ramosissimaturtleback2   
30AsterRafinesquia neomexicanadesert chicory2   
31AsterStephanomeria pauciflorawire-lettuce12 25
32AsterTrichoptilium incisumyellow-head2   
33AsterTrixis californica var. californicaCalifornia trixis341015
34BignoChilopsis linearis ssp. arcuatadesert-willow36 31
35BoragAmsinckia intermediacommon fiddleneck1   
36BoragCryptantha angustifolianarrow-leaved cryptantha2   
37BoragCryptantha barbigera var. barbigerabearded cryptantha2   
38BoragCryptantha micranthared-root cryptantha2   
39BoragEmmenanthe penduliflora var. penduliflorawhispering bells3   
40BoragNama demissa var. demissapurple mat2   
41BoragPectocarya linearis ssp. feroculaslender combseed1   
42BoragPectocarya recurvatacurvenut combseed1   
43BoragPhacelia curvipescurve-stem phacelia1   
44BoragPhacelia distanscommon phacelia2   
45BoragPhacelia pedicellatapedicellate phacelia2   
46BoragTiquilia canescens var. canescensgray coldenia  99 
47BoragTiquilia palmeriPalmer's coldenia2  30
48BrassBrassica tournefortii*Asian mustard  3030
49BrassDescurainia pinnatawestern tansy-mustard1   
50BrassDithyrea californicaspectacle-pod6   
51BrassLepidium lasiocarpum ssp. lasiocarpumhairy-podded pepper-grass4   
52BrassLyrocarpa coulteriCoulter's lyrepod8243
53BrassThysanocarpus curvipesfringe-pod1   
54CactaCylindropuntia bigeloviiteddy-bear cholla1992099
55CactaCylindropuntia ganderiGander's cholla 999999
56CactaCylindropuntia ramosissimapencil cholla2 1099
57CactaEchinocereus engelmanniiEngelmann's hedgehog cactus 521
58CactaFerocactus cylindraceusCalifornia barrel cactus1991599
59CactaMammillaria dioicaCalifornia fish-hook cactus 2023
60CactaMammillaria tetrancistradesert fish-hook cactus   1
61CactaOpuntia basilaris var. basilarisbeavertail cactus 5550
62ChenoAtriplex polycarpacattle saltbush 99699
63CleomPeritoma arboreabladderpod3   
64ConvoCuscuta californica var. papillosapapillate dodder1   
65CucurCucurbita palmatacoyote melon1   
66EuphoChamaesyce melanadeniared-gland spurge1   
67EuphoChamaesyce micromeraSonoran spurge  55
68EuphoChamaesyce polycarpasmall-seeded spurge330995
69EuphoChamaesyce setilobastarfish (Yuma) spurge 99599
70EuphoCroton californicusCalifornia croton1   
71EuphoDitaxis lanceolatanarrowleaf ditaxis2503099
72EuphoDitaxis neomexicanaNew Mexico ditaxis 1  
73EuphoEuphorbia erianthabeetle spurge1 21
74EuphoStillingia linearifolialinear-leaved stillingia1   
75FabacAcmispon rigidusdesert lotus3   
76FabacAcmispon strigosusstrigose lotus1  2
77FabacAstragalus palmeriPalmer's milk-vetch1   
78FabacDalea mollissilky dalea1   
79FabacDalea mollissimadowny dalea342 5
80FabacLupinus arizonicusArizona lupine5   
81FabacLupinus concinnusbajada lupine2   
82FabacMarina parryiParry's marina14 3
83FabacOlneya tesotaironwood2 7099
84FabacProsopis glandulosa var. torreyanahoney mesquite   1
85FabacPsorothamnus emoryiEmory's indigo-bush4   
86FabacPsorothamnus schottiiindigo bush 254050
87FabacPsorothamnus spinosussmoke tree199499
88FabacSenegalia greggiicatclaw1993050
89FabacSenna armataspiny senna3  1
90FouquFouquieria splendens ssp. splendensocotillo 999999
91GeranErodium cicutarium*redstem filaree3  40
92GeranErodium texanumTexas filaree2   
93KrameKrameria bicolorwhite rhatany132050
94KrameKrameria erectaPima rhatany 30530
95LamiaHyptis emoryidesert-lavender2992050
96LamiaSalvia columbariaechia3   
97LamiaSalvia vaseyiVasey's sage253 
98LoasaPetalonyx thurberi ssp. thurberiThurber's sandpaper-plant1  8
99MalvaAyenia compactaayenia1  3
100MalvaHibiscus denudatusrock hibiscus121599
101MalvaHorsfordia newberryiNewberry's velvet mallow1   
102MalvaSphaeralcea ambiguaapricot mallow11  
103MolluMollugo cerviana*carpet-weed 220 
104MontiCalyptridium monandrumsand cress1   
105NyctaAbronia villosa var. villosahairy sand-verbena3   
106NyctaAllionia incarnatatrailing four o'clock  99 
107NyctaAllionia incarnata var. incarnatasmall-flowered trailing four o'clock 99 99
108NyctaAllionia incarnata var. villosalarge-flowered trailing four o'clock1   
109NyctaBoerhavia triquetra var. intermediafivewing spiderling1509999
110NyctaMirabilis laevis var. crassifoliaCalifornia four o'clock1   
111NyctaMirabilis laevis var. retrorsaBigelow's desert four-o'clock25 3
112NyctaMirabilis laevis var. villosaBigelow's desert four-o'clock1   
113OnagrCamissoniopsis pallida ssp. pallidapale suncup1   
114OnagrChylismia cardiophylla ssp. cardiophyllaheartleaf suncup5   
115OnagrChylismia claviformis ssp. peirsoniibrown-eyed primrose4   
116OnagrEremothera boothii ssp. condensataBooth's evening primrose3   
117OnagrEulobus californicusCalifornia suncup6   
118PapavEschscholzia minutiflora ssp. minutiflorasmall-flowered poppy3   
119PapavEschscholzia parishiiParish's poppy1   
120PhrymMimulus bigelovii var. bigeloviiBigelow's monkeyflower2 2 
121PlantMohavea confertifloraghost flower1   
122PlantPenstemon clevelandiiCleveland's beardtongue1   
123PlantPlantago ovatadesert plantain  1 
124PolemAliciella latifolia ssp. latifoliabroad-leaf gilia1   
125PolemEriastrum eremicum ssp. eremicumdesert woolly-star3 1 
126PolemLangloisia setosissima ssp. setosissimabristly langloisia1   
127PolemLoeseliastrum schottiiSchott's calico3   
128PolygEriogonum inflatumdesert trumpet 502050
129PolygEriogonum reniformekidney-leaf buckwheat1   
130PolygEriogonum thomasiiThomas' buckwheat3   
131PolygEriogonum wrightii var. nodosumWright's buckwheat  7520
132RubiaGalium stellatumstar-flowered bedstraw  1 
133SalicSalix exigua var. exiguanarrowleaf willow2   
134SimmoSimmondsia chinensisjojoba  1550
135SolanDatura discolordesert thornapple 5 35
136SolanLycium andersoniiAnderson's boxthorn2  1
137SolanLycium brevipesdesert boxthorn1  ~7
138SolanLycium cooperiCooper's boxthorn1   
139SolanLycium fremontiiFremont's boxthorn1 21 
140SolanNicotiana obtusifoliadesert tobacco4  15
141SolanPhysalis crassifoliathick-leaved ground cherry33 5
142ViscaPhoradendron californicumdesert mistletoe  3 
143ZygopFagonia laevisCalifornia fagonia5 15 
144ZygopKallstroemia californicaCalifornia caltrop 2  
145ZygopLarrea tridentatacreosote bush3999999
146AgavaAgave deserti var. desertidesert agave2999999
147PoaceAristida adscensionissix-weeks three-awn 999999
148PoaceAristida californicaCalifornia three-awn1  99
149PoaceAristida purpureapurple three-awn  22
150PoaceBouteloua aristidoides var. aristidoidesneedle grama  99 
151PoaceBouteloua barbata var. barbatasix-weeks grama 152050
152PoaceCynodon dactylon*Bermuda grass   1
153PoaceDasyochloa pulchellafluff grass  71
154PoaceHilaria rigidabig galleta1 4050
155PoacePhalaris minor*little-seed canarygrass1   

Voucher data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria (ucjeps.berkeley.edu/consortium/)

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Copyright © 2014-2015 by Tom Chester, Keir Morse, Kate Harper, Adrienne Ballwey, Nancy Accola, Frank Harris, Mike Crouse, and Jim Roberts.
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Last update: 6 January 2015