Flora of Bisnaga Alta Wash Area, Anza-Borrego Desert State Park



This checklist is a start at a flora of Bisnaga Alta Wash. It was compiled from a single field survey on 9 February 2012 by the authors, augmented with a search of vouchers with coordinates taken in the area containing all but the uppermost reaches of Bisnaga Alta Wash.

For photographs of some of the species from our survey, see Wayne Armstrong's Bisnaga Wash 2/9/12, and Michael Charters' Photo Gallery from Bisnaga Alta Wash on 2/9/12.

Three additional checklists are included in order to make this checklist more complete: the checklist for the nearby Agua Caliente County Park; a few additional plants found on the Moonlight Canyon Trail that were not yet added to the Agua Caliente Checklist; and plants found in a survey of Rainbow Canyon on 3 February 2012.

Of course, that completeness comes at the cost of including species not present in the Bisnaga Alta Wash area itself. The checklist below indicates the source for the inclusion of each species, so species from the additional checklists can be noted.

The field survey on 9 February 2012 surveyed a total of 3.9 miles:

This survey found 109 taxa, 25 of which were not on the Bisnaga Alta Wash area voucher list.

The Bisnaga Alta Wash vouchers come from a search on 6 February 2012 of the Consortium of California Herbaria.

The Consortium records were searched for vouchers with coordinates between 32.96 and 33.02° N. Latitude, and -116.36 and -116.28 E. Longitude. This search returned 423 vouchers of 219 taxa after tossing out one voucher determined only to the species not actually in this area. Of those 219 taxa, 130 were additions not found in our field survey.

The Agua Caliente County Park flora, including the Moonlight Canyon additional species, contributed an additional 91 taxa.

The Rainbow Canyon survey contributed an additional 15 taxa.

The final checklist contains a total of 347 taxa.

Checklist for Bisnaga Alta Wash Area

The Checklist is sorted first by category - dicots, monocots, and ferns - and then by family and scientific name. The Family and Scientific Name are from the 1993 First Edition Jepson Manual.

For the 2012 Second Edition Version of this checklist, which also includes additional species from Potrero Canyon, see Flora of Bisnaga Alta Wash Area, TJM2 version.

The column #Pl is the number of plants seen in the 9 February 2012 survey in the surveyed loop including Bisnaga Alta Wash, the Canyon to the West, and our route in-between them.

The column #V is the number of vouchers for each taxon from the Consortium from the Bisnaga Alta Wash Area as defined above.

The column AC contains a number if that taxon was in the Agua Caliente County Park Checklist. The number is a code giving how that taxon was placed on the Agua Caliente List; see the table in Agua Caliente County Park for its meaning.

Species with no entries in any of those columns were the Moonlight and Rainbow Canyon additional species, and may not be actually present in the Bisnaga Alta Wash area.

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#JM FamilyScientific Name(*)Common Name#Pl#VAC
1PteCheilanthes covilleibeady lipfern 2 
2PteCheilanthes parryiwoolly lipfern9914
3PteCheilanthes viscidasticky lipfern 16
4PteNotholaena californicaCalifornia cloak fern2016
5PtePellaea mucronata var. mucronatabird's-foot fern   
6SelSelaginella bigeloviiBigelow's spike-moss   
7SelSelaginella eremophiladesert spike-moss201 
8CupJuniperus californicaCalifornia juniper  7
9EphEphedra asperaMormon tea~9947
10EphEphedra californicadesert tea 2 
11EphEphedra nevadensisNevada ephedra   
12AcaJusticia californicachuparosa9951
13AmaAmaranthus fimbriatusfringed amaranth 17
14ApiApium graveolens*celery 1 
15ApiDaucus pusillusrattlesnake weed 1 
16ApiSpermolepis echinatabristly spermolepis 1 
17AscAsclepias albicanswhite-stemmed milkweed716
18AscAsclepias erosadesert milkweed  1
19AscAsclepias subulatarush milkweed  1
20AscCynanchum utahenseUtah vine milkweed  1
21AscMatelea parvifoliaspearleaf  7
22AscSarcostemma cynanchoides ssp. hartwegiiclimbing milkweed 2 
23AscSarcostemma hirtellumrambling milkweed1576
24AstAcamptopappus sphaerocephalus var. sphaerocephalusgoldenhead   
25AstAdenophyllum porophylloidesSan Felipe dogweed7514
26AstAmbrosia acanthicarpabur-ragweed 1 
27AstAmbrosia dumosaburroweed9944
28AstArtemisia ludoviciana ssp. albulawhite mugwort 2 
29AstBaccharis brachyphyllashort-leaved baccharis 27
30AstBaccharis sergiloidesdesert baccharis  4
31AstBebbia juncea var. asperasweetbush15 4
32AstBrickellia argutaCalifornia spear-leaved brickellia   
33AstBrickellia arguta var. argutaCalifornia spear-leaved brickellia  6
34AstBrickellia arguta var. odontolepisCalifornia spear-leaved brickellia 1 
35AstBrickellia desertorumdesert brickellia  7
36AstBrickellia frutescensshrubby brickellia 1 
37AstCalycoseris parryiyellow tackstem 1 
38AstCalycoseris wrightiiwhite tackstem 11
39AstChaenactis carphoclinia var. carphocliniapebble pincushion99 6
40AstChaenactis fremontiiFremont pincushion~9941
41AstChaenactis stevioidesdesert pincushion9917
42AstChrysothamnus paniculatusblackbanded rabbitbrush 17
43AstCoreopsis californica var. californicaCalifornia coreopsis  2
44AstDicoria canescensdesert dicoria 16
45AstEncelia actoniActon encelia 1 
46AstEncelia farinosabrittlebush9911
47AstEncelia frutescensbutton encelia  7
48AstEricameria brachylepisboundary goldenbush 1 
49AstEricameria linearifolianarrowleaf goldenbush   
50AstEriophyllum ambiguum var. paleaceumannual woolly sunflower  6
51AstEriophyllum lanosumwhite easter-bonnets 27
52AstEriophyllum pringleiPringle's woolly sunflower 3 
53AstEriophyllum wallaceiWallace's woolly daisy 41
54AstEriophyllum wallacei var. wallaceiWallace's woolly daisy99  
55AstFilago arizonicaArizona herba impia   
56AstFilago californicaCalifornia filago2017
57AstFilago depressadwarf filago1237
58AstGeraea canescenshairy desert-sunflower  1
59AstGutierrezia californicaCalifornia matchweed 1 
60AstGutierrezia sarothraematchweed  6
61AstHelianthus niveus ssp. canescensgray desert sunflower  1
62AstHymenoclea salsola var. salsolacheesebush6011
63AstIsocoma acradenia var. eremophilasolitary-leaved alkali goldenbush  4
64AstLayia glandulosawhite tidy-tips 1 
65AstMalacothrix glabratadesert dandelion~1021
66AstMonoptilon bellioidesdesert star121
67AstPalafoxia arida var. aridadesert needle 11
68AstPectis papposa var. papposachinch-weed  1
69AstPerityle emoryiEmory's rock-daisy1531
70AstPleurocoronis plurisetaarrow-leaf  4
71AstPluchea odoratasalt marsh fleabane  6
72AstPluchea sericeaarrow-weed  4
73AstPorophyllum gracileodora1024
74AstPsathyrotes ramosissimaturtleback1  
75AstRafinesquia neomexicanadesert chicory 31
76AstSenecio flaccidus var. douglasiibush senecio 1 
77AstSenecio flaccidus var. monoensisMono ragwort 1 
78AstSenecio mohavensisMojave ragwort9934
79AstStephanomeria exigua ssp. exiguaslender wreathplant  2
80AstStephanomeria pauciflora var. pauciflorawire-lettuce817
81AstStylocline intertextatangled nest-straw 1 
82AstTrichoptilium incisumyellow-head6041
83AstTrixis californica var. californicaCalifornia trixis434
84AstUropappus lindleyisilver puffs 1 
85AstViguiera parishiiParish's viguiera1534
86AstXylorhiza orcuttiiOrcutt's woody-aster 1 
87BigChilopsis linearis ssp. arcuatadesert-willow  1
88BorAmsinckia menziesii var. intermediacommon fiddleneck   
89BorCryptantha angustifolianarrow-leaved cryptantha2021
90BorCryptantha barbigerabearded cryptantha 27
91BorCryptantha barbigera var. barbigerabearded cryptantha20  
92BorCryptantha intermediapopcorn flower 1 
93BorCryptantha maritimaGuadalupe cryptantha9957
94BorCryptantha micranthapurple-root cryptantha99 7
95BorCryptantha nevadensisNevada cryptantha151 
96BorCryptantha pterocaryawing-nut cryptantha 3 
97BorCryptantha pterocarya var. cyclopterawing-nut cryptantha  7
98BorCryptantha racemosabushy cryptantha 1 
99BorHeliotropium curassavicumseaside heliotrope 24
100BorPectocarya heterocarpachuckwalla pectocarya10 7
101BorPectocarya platycarpabroad-fruited combseed 3 
102BorPectocarya recurvatacurvenut combseed402 
103BorPlagiobothrys arizonicusArizona popcorn flower   
104BorTiquilia plicataplicate coldenia  7
105BraArabis perennansperennial rock-cress   
106BraBrassica tournefortii*Asian mustard9917
107BraCaulanthus cooperiCooper's jewel-flower 2 
108BraDithyrea californicaspectacle-pod5012
109BraDraba cuneifoliawedge-leaved draba1427
110BraDraba reptans*Carolina draba 1 
111BraErysimum capitatum ssp. capitatumwestern wallflower 1 
112BraGuillenia lasiophyllaCalifornia mustard13 7
113BraLepidium lasiocarpum var. lasiocarpumhairy-podded pepper-grass5064
114BraLepidium virginicum var. pubescenswild pepper-grass  5
115BraLyrocarpa coulteri var. palmeriCoulter's lyrepod9934
116BraRorippa nasturtium-aquaticumwater cress 1 
117BraSisymbrium irio*London rocket20 7
118BraStanleya pinnata var. pinnataprince's plume  1
119BraStreptanthella longirostrislongbeak streptanthella  6
120BraThysanocarpus curvipesfringe-pod 2 
121BraTropidocarpum gracileslender tropidocarpum   
122BurBursera microphyllaelephant tree 2 
123CacEchinocereus engelmanniiEngelmann's hedgehog cactus9921
124CacFerocactus cylindraceusCalifornia barrel cactus99 6
125CacMammillaria dioicaCalifornia fish-hook cactus9927
126CacMammillaria tetrancistrafish-hook cactus  7
127CacOpuntia basilaris var. basilarisbeavertail cactus99 1
128CacOpuntia bigeloviiteddy-bear cholla99 1
129CacOpuntia echinocarpasilver cholla  7
130CacOpuntia fosbergiipink teddy-bear cholla 17
131CacOpuntia ganderiGander's cholla9917
132CacOpuntia phaeacanthadesert prickly-pear  2
133CacOpuntia ramosissimapencil cholla99 4
134CamNemacladus glanduliferusglandular nemacladus 2 
135CamNemacladus glanduliferus var. orientaliseastern glandular nemacladus 17
136CamNemacladus longiflorus var. breviflorusthread plant 2 
137CamNemacladus rubescensdesert nemacladus42 
138CamNemacladus tenuis var. tenuisdesert threadplant 1 
139CarAchyronychia cooperifrost mat 26
140CarLoeflingia squarrosa var. squarrosaspreading loeflingia 1 
141CheAllenrolfea occidentalisiodine-bush 1 
142CheAtriplex canescens var. canescensfour-wing saltbush  1
143CheAtriplex hymenelytradesert holly  1
144CheAtriplex polycarpacattle saltbush2524
145CheSuaeda moquiniibush seepweed  4
146CraCrassula connatapygmy-weed 1 
147CraDudleya pulverulenta ssp. arizonicaArizona chalk dudleya4514
148CraDudleya pulverulenta ssp. pulverulentaCalifornia chalk lettuce  6
149CucCucurbita palmatacoyote melon  6
150CusCuscuta californica var. papillosapapillate dodder50 1
151CusCuscuta denticulatadesert dodder  7
152CusCuscuta salinasaltmarsh dodder 1 
153EupAcalypha californicaCalifornia acalypha  7
154EupBernardia myricifoliawestern bernardia 2 
155EupChamaesyce albomarginatarattlesnake weed 1 
156EupChamaesyce melanadeniared-gland spurge 1 
157EupChamaesyce micromeraSonoran spurge   
158EupChamaesyce pediculiferaCarrizo Mountain spurge1626
159EupChamaesyce polycarpasmall-seeded spurge25 4
160EupChamaesyce revolutarolled-leaf spurge  7
161EupChamaesyce setilobastarfish (Yuma) spurge   
162EupCroton californicusCalifornia croton 1 
163EupDitaxis lanceolatanarrowleaf ditaxis9944
164EupDitaxis neomexicanaNew Mexico ditaxis   
165EupEuphorbia erianthabeetle spurge534
166EupStillingia linearifolialinear-leaved stillingia 36
167EupStillingia spinulosaannual stillingia  7
168FabAcacia greggiicatclaw502 
169FabAstragalus crotalariaeSalton milk-vetch  7
170FabAstragalus didymocarpus var. dispermusdwarf white milk-vetch 17
171FabAstragalus insularis var. harwoodiiHarwood's milk-vetch  7
172FabAstragalus nuttallianus var. cedrosensisCedros milk-vetch 1 
173FabAstragalus palmeriPalmer's milk-vetch 16
174FabCalliandra eriophyllafairyduster 11
175FabDalea mollissilky dalea  6
176FabDalea mollissimadowny dalea 3 
177FabLotus haydoniipygmy lotus 1 
178FabLotus rigidusdesert lotus4014
179FabLotus salsuginosus var. brevivexillusshort-bannered coastal lotus 27
180FabLotus scoparius var. brevialatusshort-winged deerweed 3 
181FabLotus strigosusstrigose lotus 21
182FabLotus wrangelianusCalifornia lotus 1 
183FabLupinus arizonicusArizona lupine3527
184FabLupinus bicolordwarf lupine 1 
185FabLupinus concinnusbajada lupine 3 
186FabLupinus hirsutissimusstinging lupine   
187FabLupinus sparsiflorusCoulter's lupine  1
188FabMarina parryiParry's marina11 
189FabOlneya tesotaironwood  6
190FabProsopis glandulosa var. torreyanahoney mesquite 11
191FabProsopis pubescensscrew-bean mesquite 24
192FabPsorothamnus emoryiEmory's indigo-bush  4
193FabPsorothamnus schottiiindigo bush9914
194FabPsorothamnus spinosussmoke tree  4
195FabSenna armataspiny senna  7
196FouFouquieria splendens ssp. splendensocotillo9941
197GenEustoma exaltatumcatchfly prairie-gentian 1 
198GerErodium cicutarium*redstem filaree9912
199HydEmmenanthe penduliflora var. penduliflorawhispering bells9937
200HydEucrypta chrysanthemifolia var. bipinnatifidaeucrypta 1 
201HydEucrypta micranthadesert eucrypta2517
202HydNama demissum var. demissumpurple mat6031
203HydPhacelia campanularia ssp. campanulariadesert bluebells  1
204HydPhacelia cicutaria var. hispidacaterpillar phacelia 17
205HydPhacelia crenulata var. ambiguaheliotrope phacelia  3
206HydPhacelia crenulata var. minutifloralittle-flowered heliotrope phacelia 27
207HydPhacelia cryptanthalimestone phacelia 1 
208HydPhacelia distanscommon phacelia9921
209HydPholistoma auritum var. arizonicumArizona pholistoma   
210KraKrameria erectaPima rhatany9924
211KraKrameria grayiwhite rhatany1121
212LamHyptis emoryidesert-lavender9941
213LamSalvia apianawhite sage 2 
214LamSalvia carduaceathistle sage  1
215LamSalvia columbariaechia9921
216LenPholisma arenariumsand plant  5
217LoaMentzelia albicauliswhite-stemmed blazing star~992 
218LoaMentzelia hirsutissimahairy stickleaf 16
219LoaMentzelia involucratabracted blazing star  1
220LoaMentzelia jonesiiJones' blazing star 17
221LoaPetalonyx linearisnarrow-leaf sandpaper-plant  7
222LoaPetalonyx thurberi ssp. thurberiThurber's sandpaper-plant 1 
223LytLythrum californicumCalifornia loosestrife  6
224MalAbutilon palmeriPalmer's abutilon 1 
225MalEremalche exiliswhite mallow  6
226MalEremalche rotundifoliadesert five-spot  1
227MalHibiscus denudatusrock hibiscus7526
228MalHorsfordia alatapink velvet mallow1  
229MalHorsfordia newberryiNewberry's velvet mallow1014
230MalSphaeralcea ambiguaapricot mallow   
231MalSphaeralcea ambigua var. ambiguaapricot mallow 11
232MalSphaeralcea ambigua var. rosacearosy apricot mallow  7
233MarProboscidea althaeifoliadesert unicorn-plant 15
234MolMollugo cerviana*carpet-weed 1 
235NycAbronia villosahairy sand verbena   
236NycAbronia villosa var. auritahairy sand verbena  7
237NycAbronia villosa var. villosahairy sand-verbena  1
238NycAllionia incarnatatrailing four o'clock  1
239NycAllionia incarnata var. incarnatatrailing four o'clock5  
240NycAllionia incarnata var. villosatrailing four o'clock 1 
241NycBoerhavia intermediafivewing spiderling 27
242NycBoerhavia wrightiiWright's spiderling 1 
243NycMirabilis bigelovii var. bigeloviiBigelow's desert four-o'clock  6
244NycMirabilis bigelovii var. retrorsaBigelow's desert four-o'clock99 3
245NycMirabilis californicaCalifornia four o'clock 1 
246OnaCamissonia boothii ssp. condensataBooth's evening primrose3046
247OnaCamissonia californicaCalifornia suncup9934
248OnaCamissonia claviformis ssp. aurantiacabrown-eyed primrose  3
249OnaCamissonia claviformis ssp. peirsoniibrown-eyed primrose994 
250OnaCamissonia micranthasmall-flowered evening-primrose  7
251OnaCamissonia pallida ssp. pallidapale sun-cup171 
252OnaCamissonia refractanarrow-leaf sun-cup9937
253OnaEpilobium canum ssp. latifoliummountain California-fuchsia  4
254OnaOenothera deltoides ssp. deltoidesdune primrose  1
255OroOrobanche cooperiCooper's broom-rape 16
256PapArgemone munitaprickly poppy  2
257PapEschscholzia californicaCalifornia poppy 17
258PapEschscholzia minutiflora ssp. minutiflorasmall-flowered poppy9944
259PapEschscholzia parishiiParish's poppy1062
260PlaPlantago ovatadesert plantain9934
261PlaPlantago patagonicaPatagonia plantain 1 
262PolEriastrum diffusumminiature woolly-star 3 
263PolEriastrum eremicum ssp. eremicumdesert woolly-star 3 
264PolGilia stellatastar gilia 67
265PolLangloisia setosissima ssp. setosissimabristly langloisia  1
266PolLeptodactylon pungensgranite prickly phlox  1
267PolLinanthus aureus ssp. aureusgolden linanthus 1 
268PolLinanthus floribundus ssp. glabersummer snow 1 
269PolLoeseliastrum schottiiSchott's calico5046
270PolCentrostegia thurberiThurber's spineflower 4 
271PolChorizanthe brevicornu var. brevicornubrittle spineflower 3 
272PolChorizanthe rigidadevil's spineflower 2 
273PolEriogonum fasciculatum var. polifoliumCalifornia buckwheat15 4
274PolEriogonum gracile var. incultumslender buckwheat   
275PolEriogonum inflatumdesert trumpet9934
276PolEriogonum maculatumspotted buckwheat 1 
277PolEriogonum thomasiiThomas' buckwheat~2564
278PolEriogonum wrightii var. nodosumWright's buckwheat 14
279PolLastarriaea coriacealeather spineflower 1 
280PolPterostegia drymarioidesthreadstem52 
281PorCalyptridium monandrumsand cress~11 7
282PorClaytonia parviflora ssp. parvifloranarrow-leaved miner's lettuce 1 
283RanDelphinium parishii ssp. subglobosumintermediate larkspur9934
284ResOligomeris linifolialineleaf whitepuff 3 
285RosPrunus fremontiidesert apricot  4
286RubGalium angustifolium ssp. borregoenseBorrego bedstraw 1 
287RubGalium stellatum var. eremicumstar-flowered bedstraw3034
288RutThamnosma montanaturpentine broom 1 
289SalSalix exiguanarrowleaf willow   
290SalSalix gooddingiiblack willow 17
291SalSalix laevigatared willow  7
292SauAnemopsis californicayerba mansa 1 
293ScrAntirrhinum filipesdesert twining snapdragon42 
294ScrCollinsia concolorsouthern Chinese houses 1 
295ScrMimulus bigelovii var. bigeloviiBigelow's monkeyflower6051
296ScrMohavea confertifloraghost flower 21
297ScrPenstemon clevelandii var. connatusSan Jacinto beardtongue  6
298SimSimmondsia chinensisjojoba9911
299SolDatura wrightiisacred datura  6
300SolLycium andersoniiAnderson's desert-thorn 37
301SolLycium brevipes var. brevipesdesert-thorn   
302SolLycium cooperiCooper's box-thorn 1 
303SolLycium fremontiiFremont box-thorn 64
304SolLycium parishiiParish's desert-thorn  7
305SolNicotiana clevelandiiCleveland's tobacco 26
306SolNicotiana glauca*tree tobacco  6
307SolNicotiana obtusifoliadesert tobacco7 1
308SolPhysalis crassifoliathick-leaved ground cherry1044
309SteAyenia compactaayenia5344
310TamTamarix aphylla*athel  6
311TamTamarix ramosissima*saltcedar  7
312UrtParietaria hespera var. hesperapellitory25  
313VisPhoradendron californicumdesert mistletoe1434
314ZygFagonia laevisCalifornia fagonia9951
315ZygLarrea tridentatacreosote bush9951
316AreWashingtonia filiferaCalifornia fan palm  6
317CypEleocharis macrostachyacommon spikerush  6
318CypEleocharis rostellatabeaked spikerush 1 
319CypScirpus americanusAmerican tule 16
320JunJuncus acutus ssp. leopoldiispiny rush  4
321JunJuncus ambiguussaline toad rush  6
322JunJuncus bufoniustoad rush  6
323JunJuncus mexicanusMexican rush   
324LilAgave desertidesert agave99 2
325LilCalochortus concolorgolden-bowl mariposa 1 
326LilHesperocallis undulatadesert lily 31
327LilYucca schidigeraMohave yucca  1
328OrcEpipactis giganteastream orchid 14
329PoaAchnatherum parishiiParish's needlegrass 2 
330PoaAchnatherum speciosumdesert needlegrass 1 
331PoaAndropogon glomeratus var. scabriglumissouthwestern bushy bluestem  6
332PoaAristida adscensionissix-weeks three-awn4027
333PoaAristida purpureapurple three-awn8  
334PoaAristida purpurea var. purpureapurple three-awn 1 
335PoaBromus madritensis ssp. rubens*red brome 1 
336PoaCynodon dactylon*Bermuda grass   
337PoaDistichlis spicatasaltgrass 16
338PoaErioneuron pulchellumfluff grass 17
339PoaMelica frutescenstall melica 3 
340PoaMuhlenbergia rigensdeergrass   
341PoaPhragmites australiscommon reed  4
342PoaPleuraphis rigidabig galleta2624
343PoaPolypogon monspeliensis*rabbits-foot grass 1 
344PoaSchismus barbatus*Mediterranean schismus9937
345PoaSporobolus airoidesalkali sacaton 14
346TypTypha domingensissouthern cattail  7
347ZanZannichellia palustrishorned pondweed 1 

Voucher data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria (ucjeps.berkeley.edu/consortium/)

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Copyright © 2012 by Tom Chester, Wayne Armstrong, Vince Balch, Michael Charters, Mike Crouse, James Dillane and Kate Harper
Permission is freely granted to reproduce any or all of this page as long as credit is given to us at this source:
Comments and feedback: Tom Chester
Last update: 15 February 2012