Flora of Old Control Road Area, San Jacinto Mountains


Introduction
Species Checklist
Notes on Some Species


Introduction

Fig. 1. Topo map showing the location of the Old Control Road (Forest Service Road 5S06) that connects SR74 just east of Hemet to Idyllwild, as well as the even older Crawford Toll Road. The Flora of the Old Control Road area is divided here into three sections: the lower-elevation part below Halfway Spring; Halfway Spring itself; and the higher-elevation part above Halfway Spring. Click on the map to get a larger version.
See also topo map with the 8 May 2017 survey shown.

Fig. 2. Google Earth View (north is to left; east is up) showing the location of the Old Control Road (Forest Service Road 5S06), with the 8 May 2017 survey path shown in light blue. Click on the map to get a larger version.

The Old Control Road is now just a rough dirt road that connects SR74 with Idyllwild that few people drive, but it has an illustrious past as the first route between Hemet and Idyllwild. The following history is summarized from the book The San Jacintos, by John W. Robinson and Bruce D. Risher, pp. 145-147.

Joseph Crawford opened his toll road in 1876 which took a very steep route up to Idyllwild, with grades up to 30%. Tourists used the road to go from Hemet to Idyllwild, and loggers used the road to bring wood from Idyllwild to Hemet.

In 1891 the Hemet Land and Water Company built a road in the San Jacinto River canyon bottom to build Hemet Dam. That road, called the Mayberry Road for Edward Mayberry, the person who planned and directed the project, went up to Keen Camp Summit and down into Garner Valley. In 1900 a steep lateral road was built from today's McCall Park to Chalk Hill in Strawberry Valley.

Riverside County built the current Old Control Road in 1908 and 1909, using and improving the lower portion of the Crawford Road and then adding a new gentler alignment in the upper portion that contoured around the steep hillside. The new portion went to Halfway Spring and the north side of Chimney Flats. The new portion rejoined the Crawford Road on the east side of Chimney Flats.

For 20 years, this Old Control Road was the main access to Idyllwild until the current version of SR74 was opened in 1929.

The current version of the Old Control Road is great for botanists, who can easily walk along the road and enjoy the plants and the views, without the high-speed traffic encountered on SR74. Botanists should still be alert for occasional bicyclist and 4 WD traffic on the weekends.

The Old Control Road is 7.9 miles from SR74 to SR243, from an elevation of 2280 feet at its bottom to 5230 feet at its top. Since its upper section is part of the Strawberry Valley Flora, the checklist present here is for the lower 4.9 miles, ending at the upper end of Chimney Flats at 4700 feet, where the road makes a turn to the northeast to head to Alvin Meadows.

The flora presented here has been compiled from one survey on foot on 8 May 2017 by Tom Chester and Nancy Accola, from mile 1.35 to mile 3.00, which is just above Halfway Spring at mile 2.9, as well as vouchers. Most vouchers came from a survey from Scott D. White and Justin M. Wood on 22 May 2009, with 37 vouchers (including duplicates), and from I.J. Condit on 24 June 1910, 32 vouchers (including duplicates). A few random additional species came from a car trip down the entire road by Tom Chester and Nancy Accola on 14 June 2016, and from a brief car visit on 28 May 2014 to the section of the road just above Chimney Flats.

Species Checklist

Basic information about the checklist presentation and links:

An asterisk before the Common Name indicates a non-native taxon.

The three columns under the header #Plants give a minimum estimate of the number of plants we saw, up to a maximum of 99 plants, except as given below. An x in any column indicates a species that was seen by us, but whose abundance was not recorded.

The column with header B gives the number of plants seen Below Halfway Spring; the column with header HS gives the number of plants for species seen only at Halfway Spring; and the column with header A gives the number of plants seen Above Halfway Spring.

A V in any column indicates a species that was vouchered, but not yet seen by us.

A ~V in any column indicates our best guess as to which section a voucher was taken, for vouchers without that information given. The vouchers by White and Wood explicitly give the section, but the vouchers by Condit just say "road to Strawberry Valley" or "road to Idyllwild". For the Condit vouchers of species not seen by us or vouchered by White and Wood, we have used our best judgment as to whether each of those vouchers was taken from above or below Halfway Spring, based on the usual elevation range for those taxa.

Version for printing, without other text on this page: html (6 pages) or pdf Clickbook booklet (2 double-sided pages; unfortunately, clickbook stopped working after a windows update on 5/11/17). (See printing instructions for an explanation of these options)

#FamilScientific Name(*)Common Name# Plants
BHSA
Lycopods
1SelagSelaginella bigeloviiBigelow's spike-moss99  
Ferns
2BlechWoodwardia fimbriatagiant chain fern V 
3DryopDryopteris argutaCalifornia wood fern99  
4DryopPolystichum imbricans ssp. curtumcliff sword fern  V
5PteriCheilanthes covilleibeady lipfern40  
6PteriPellaea andromedifoliacoffee fern99  
7PteriPellaea mucronata var. mucronatabird's-foot fern50  
8PteriPentagramma triangularis ssp. triangularisgoldback fern5  
Gymnosperms
9CupreJuniperus grandisSierra juniper ~7 
10CupreSequoia sempervirens*coast redwood V 
Magnoliids
11LauraUmbellularia californicaCalifornia bay 20 
Eudicots
12AdoxaSambucus nigra ssp. caeruleablue elderberry2  
13AnacaToxicodendron diversilobumpoison oak 99 
14ApiacBowlesia incanahoary bowlesia50  
15ApiacTauschia argutasouthern tauschia35  
16AsterArtemisia californicaCalifornia sagebrushx  
17AsterBebbia juncea var. asperasweetbush36  
18AsterBrickellia californicaCalifornia brickellbush1  
19AsterCentaurea melitensis*tocalote99  
20AsterChaenactis artemisiifoliameally white pincushion99  
21AsterChaenactis glabriuscula var. glabriusculayellow pincushion20  
22AsterCirsium occidentale var. californicumCalifornia thistle  1
23AsterCorethrogyne filaginifoliaCalifornia-aster99  
24AsterDeinandra mohavensisMojave tarplant  V
25AsterEncelia actoniActon encelia1  
26AsterEncelia farinosabrittlebush99  
27AsterErigeron foliosus var. foliosusleafy daisy99  
28AsterEriophyllum confertiflorum var. confertiflorumgolden yarrow99  
29AsterHeterotheca sessiliflora ssp. echioidesbristly goldenaster1?  
30AsterHypochaeris glabra*smooth cat's ear3  
31AsterLactuca serriola*prickly lettuce2  
32AsterLessingia glandulifera var. glanduliferasticky lessingia  V
33AsterLogfia filaginoidesCalifornia filago10  
34AsterLogfia gallica*narrowleaf filago99  
35AsterMalacothrix clevelandiiannual malacothrix30  
36AsterPentachaeta aureagolden daisy35  
37AsterPseudognaphalium biolettiibicolored everlasting2  
38AsterPseudognaphalium californicumCalifornia everlasting 3 
39AsterPseudognaphalium microcephalumwhite everlasting3  
40AsterRafinesquia californicaCalifornia chicory99  
41AsterSolidago velutina ssp. californicagoldenrod 50 
42AsterSonchus asper ssp. asper*prickly sow thistle 30 
43AsterSonchus oleraceus*sow thistle10  
44AsterStephanomeria virgatatwiggy wreath plant25  
45AsterUropappus lindleyisilver puffs25  
46BoragCryptantha intermedia var. intermediapopcorn flower99  
47BoragCryptantha microstachysTejon cryptantha50  
48BoragCryptantha muricata var. jonesiiJones' prickly-nut cryptantha10  
49BoragEmmenanthe penduliflora var. penduliflorawhispering bells15  
50BoragEriodictyon crassifolium var. crassifoliumthick-leaved yerba santa99  
51BoragNemophila menziesii var. integrifoliababy blue eyes1 V
52BoragPectocarya linearis ssp. feroculaslender combseed5  
53BoragPhacelia cicutaria var. hispidacaterpillar phacelia20  
54BoragPhacelia distanscommon phacelia99  
55BoragPhacelia minorwild canterbury bells99  
56BoragPhacelia ramosissimabranching phacelia20  
57BrassBrassica tournefortii*Sahara mustard30  
58BrassHirschfeldia incana*shortpod mustard50  
59BrassLepidium virginicum ssp. menziesiiwild pepper-grass50  
60BrassSisymbrium altissimum*tumble-mustard7  
61BrassSisymbrium orientale*Oriental mustard99  
62CactaCylindropuntia californica var. parkericane chollax  
63CapriLonicera subspicata var. denudatasouthern honeysuckle99  
64CaryoSilene gallica*windmill pink 7 
65CaryoSilene laciniata ssp. laciniatasouthern Indian pink20  
66CaryoStellaria media*common chickweed30  
67ChenoChenopodium fremontiiFremont's goosefoot1  
68ChenoSalsola tragus*Russian thistle90  
69ConvoCalystegia macrostegiasouthern California morning-glory99  
70CrassDudleya pulverulentaCalifornia chalk lettuce5  
71CrassDudleya saxosa ssp. aloidesdesert dudleya75  
72CucurMarah macrocarpawild-cucumber25  
73EricaArctostaphylos glandulosaEastwood manzanita5  
74EricaArctostaphylos glaucabigberry manzanita10  
75FabacAcmispon americanus var. americanusSpanish clover 99 
76FabacAcmispon glaber var. brevialatusshort-winged deerweed99  
77FabacAcmispon grandiflorus var. grandifloruschaparral lotus1  
78FabacAcmispon heermannii var. heermanniisilky lotus  11
79FabacAcmispon strigosusstrigose lotus50  
80FabacLathyrus vestitus var. vestituswild sweetpea4  
81FabacLupinus bicolordwarf lupine25  
82FabacLupinus concinnus ssp. optatusshowy bajada lupine  1
83FabacLupinus hirsutissimusstinging lupine12  
84FabacLupinus sparsiflorusCoulter's lupine10  
85FabacMedicago polymorpha*California burclover 5 
86FabacMelilotus indicus*sourclover 99 
87FagacQuercus acutidensTorrey's scrub oak15  
88FagacQuercus agrifoliacoast live oak1010 
89FagacQuercus chrysolepiscanyon live oak10  
90FagacQuercus wislizeni var. frutescensinterior live oak10  
91GarryGarrya veatchiicanyon silktassel2  
92GentiZeltnera venustacanchalagua  V
93GeranErodium cicutarium*redstem filaree99  
94GrossRibes malvaceum var. viridifoliumchaparral currant2  
95JuglaJuglans californicaSouthern California black walnut V 
96LamiaMonardella macrantha ssp. halliiHall's monardella3  
97LamiaSalvia apianawhite sage99  
98LamiaSalvia columbariaechia99  
99LamiaSalvia melliferablack sagex  
100LamiaScutellaria bolanderi ssp. austromontanasouthern skullcap  V
101LamiaStachys rigidarigid hedge-nettle 99 
102LamiaTrichostema parishiiParish's bluecurls  x
103LoasaMentzelia laevicaulisgiant blazing starx  
104MontiClaytonia parviflora ssp. parvifloranarrow-leaved miner's lettuce99  
105MoracFicus carica*common fig V 
106NyctaMirabilis laevis var. crassifoliaCalifornia four o'clock40  
107OnagrCamissoniopsis confusaSan Bernardino suncup70  
108OnagrClarkia dudleyanaDudley's clarkia50  
109OnagrClarkia purpurea ssp. quadrivulnerapurple clarkia35  
110OnagrEpilobium canum ssp. latifoliummountain California-fuchsia 99 
111OnagrEulobus californicusCalifornia suncup20  
112OnagrOenothera elata ssp. hirsutissimaHooker's evening-primrose 1 
113OrobaCastilleja applegatei ssp. martiniiMartin's paintbrush75  
114OrobaCastilleja foliolosawoolly Indian paintbrush25  
115OrobaOrobanche bulbosachaparral broomrape2  
116PapavEhrendorferia chrysanthagolden ear drops  V
117PapavEschscholzia californicaCalifornia poppy~V  
118PhrymMimulus aurantiacus var. pubescenshairy bush monkeyflower  30
119PhrymMimulus brevipeswide-throated yellow monkeyflower99  
120PhrymMimulus fremontii var. fremontiiFremont's monkeyflower  V
121PlantAntirrhinum coulterianumCoulter's snapdragon1  
122PlantAntirrhinum nuttallianum ssp. nuttallianumpurple snapdragon10  
123PlantCollinsia concolorsouthern Chinese houses20  
124PlantKeckiella antirrhinoides var. antirrhinoideschaparral beardtongueV  
125PlantPenstemon rostriflorusbeaked penstemon2  
126PlantPenstemon XparishiiParish's penstemon  ~V
127PolemAllophyllum glutinosumsticky false-gilia1  
128PolemEriastrum sapphirinum ssp. dasyanthumsapphire woolly-star99  
129PolemGilia capitata ssp. abrotanifoliaglobe gilia99  
130PolemLeptosiphon lemmoniiLemmon's linanthus  ~V
131PolemLinanthus dianthiflorusground pink~V  
132PolemNavarretia atractyloidesholly-leaf navarretia  x
133PolemSaltugilia australissouthern gilia10  
134PolygChorizanthe leptothecaPeninsular spineflower  V
135PolygEriogonum davidsoniiDavidson's buckwheat2  
136PolygEriogonum elongatum var. elongatumlong-stemmed buckwheat99  
137PolygEriogonum fasciculatumCalifornia buckwheat99  
138PolygEriogonum fasciculatum var. foliolosumCalifornia buckwheatx  
139PolygEriogonum fasciculatum var. polifoliumCalifornia buckwheatx  
140PolygEriogonum gracile var. incultumslender buckwheat99  
141PolygEriogonum nudum var. pauciflorumnaked buckwheat  V
142PolygPterostegia drymarioidesfairy bowties, threadstem99  
143PolygRumex sp.dock 3 
144PolygSidotheca trilobatathree-lobed oxytheca  ~V
145RanunDelphinium parryi ssp. parryiblue larkspur60  
146RhamnCeanothus cuneatus var. cuneatusbuck brushV  
147RhamnCeanothus leucodermischaparral whitethorn11  
148RhamnRhamnus ilicifoliahollyleaf redberry5  
149RosacAdenostoma fasciculatumchamise99  
150RosacCercocarpus betuloides var. betuloidesbirch-leaf mountain-mahogany20  
151RosacFragaria vescawoodland strawberry 1 
152RosacHeteromeles arbutifoliatoyon3  
153RosacPrunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifoliahollyleaf cherry40  
154RosacRosa californicaCalifornia wild rose 2 
155RubiaGalium angustifolium ssp. angustifoliumnarrowleaf bedstraw75  
156RubiaGalium aparinecommon bedstraw99  
157RubiaGalium californicum ssp. primumCalifornia bedstraw~1 V
158SaxifLithophragma affinewoodland star1  
159ScropScrophularia californicaCalifornia bee plant 10 
160SolanSolanum parishiiParish's purple nightshade30  
161ViscaPhoradendron serotinum ssp. tomentosumoak mistletoe10  
Monocots
162AgavaHesperoyucca whippleichaparral yucca40  
163AgavaYucca schidigeraMohave yuccax  
164AlliaAllium peninsulare var. peninsulareMexicali onion15  
165JuncaJuncus effusus ssp. austrocalifornicusSonoran rush 15 
166LiliaCalochortus palmeri var. munziiSan Jacinto mariposa lily  x
167LiliaCalochortus plummeraePlummer's mariposa lily23  
168OrchiEpipactis giganteastream orchid 75 
169PoaceAristida adscensionissix-weeks three-awn99  
170PoaceAvena barbata*slender wild oats99  
171PoaceBromus diandrus*ripgut brome99  
172PoaceBromus halliiHall's brome1  
173PoaceBromus madritensis ssp. rubens*red brome99  
174PoaceBromus tectorum*downy brome99  
175PoaceElymus condensatusgiant wild-rye 10 
176PoaceElymus trachycaulus ssp. trachycaulusslender wheatgrass V 
177PoaceFestuca myuros*rattail fescue99  
178PoaceHordeum murinum*foxtail barley5  
179PoaceLamarckia aurea*goldentop85  
180PoaceMelica imperfectacoast-range melic99  
181PoaceMuhlenbergia microspermalittleseed muhly99  
182PoacePennisetum setaceum*fountain grass12  
183PoacePoa secunda ssp. secundaone-sided bluegrass99  
184PoaceSchismus barbatus*Mediterranean schismus99  
185PoaceStipa coronatagiant needlegrass10  
186ThemiBloomeria croceagoldenstar14  
187ThemiDichelostemma capitatum ssp. capitatumblue dicks99  

Notes on Some Species

Eriogonum fasciculatum. Both variety foliolosum and variety polifolium are found on this road, sometimes almost side by side. We did not count the number of plants for each variety separately, and just report the numbers for the species, with an x in the column B for each variety, indicating they both exist here.


Voucher data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria (ucjeps.berkeley.edu/consortium/) on 10 May 2017.


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Copyright © 2017 by Tom Chester and Nancy Accola.
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Comments and feedback: Tom Chester
Last update: 12 May 2017