Plant Guide to Pacific Crest Trail South of SR74, San Jacinto Mountains - Garner Valley Area

Introduction and Explanation of Plant Trail Guides

Introduction
Highlights of This Trail
Fieldwork Dates and Summary of List Changes With Time
Botanical Trip Reports
The Plant Guide
Comments On Specific Species

Introduction

The guide has been updated from the fieldwork on 14 May 2009 and 11 May 2015, but nothing else on this page has been updated.

This is a guide to the section of the Pacific Crest Trail (PCT) south of SR74 at the extreme eastern edge of Garner / Pine Valley. The trailhead is one mile east of the intersection of SR371 (from Anza) and SR74 at "Paradise Corner", and 0.4 miles west of the Santa Rosa Summit, the eastern edge of Garner / Pine Valley. There is a parking area on the north side of the road, which is signed in both directions along SR74 at a distance of 1000 feet from the turnoff to the parking area.

After parking, cross SR74 and go through the gate in the fence to the signed trail south.

This guide is the result of just two trips in November 2008, and hence is especially incomplete for annuals and perennials not visible at that time of year. Many tentative identifications were made from plants without parts needed for definitive determinations.

See topo map of the trail to mile 5 and its elevation profile.

Highlights of This Trail

Some of the highlights of the trail are:

The trail itself traverses a number of distinct terrains, each with its own suite of plant species:

There are almost no bedrock outcroppings at all here. Most of the time we were in the alluvium of the Bautista Formation, or in recent sediments. As a result, we found only a few of the rock dwellers.

It was also interesting being at the junction of four drainages: the headwaters of the San Jacinto River, Palm Canyon, Santa Margarita River, and Coyote Creek. See map showing the drainages. There are two spots at Lookout Mountain where one can stand at the headwaters of three drainages.

Number of Unique Taxa On This Trail

This section not updated from the 11/22/08 fieldwork.

The following histogram gives the number of trails in our database that contain each taxon on this trail. We had 132 trails in our database when this histogram was made; 4 of those trails, including this one, are in this area of San Jacinto Mountain. A number of "1" means the taxon has only been found on this trail among the trails in our database; numbers of "4" or smaller may indicate taxa found only in this area of San Jacinto Mountain.

Number of Trails
Containing A Taxon
Number Of Taxa
On This Trail
% of Taxa
On This Trail
111%
222%
333%
433%
544%
 
1-51313%
6-101616%
11-151920%
16-2099%
21-2599%
26-3055%
31-3599%
36-4044%
41-4522%
46-5022%
51-5533%
56-6022%
60-6500%
66-7044%
Total Taxa97100%

We found 16 additional species not in the above table, since they have not been identified yet. The unidentified ones are marked with ? or sp in the id? column in the guide, and have no entry in the #all column.

Fieldwork Dates and Summary of List Changes With Time

The following table gives the dates the trail was walked and taxa recorded. After each visit, the table gives the total number of taxa on the list and the breakdown of the taxa without positive identification. See Explanation of Plant Trail Guides to understand the symbols below.

Visit DateVisit ## taxa# "?"# "sp"# "~"# "ssp"
11/11/20081113513183
11/22/20082118613193

The fieldwork on 11/11/2008 was to mile 1.99, and on 11/22/08 to mile 4.13.

Botanical Trip Reports

The Plant Guide

This checklist is in the Jepson Manual 2012 Second Edition system.

See also Plant Checklist in Family Order.

Version for printing, without lines and other text on this page: html (8 pages) or pdf Clickbook booklet (2 double-sided pages). (See printing instructions for an explanation of these options)

MileS#id?Common NameLatin Name#here#all
0.00Begin trail guide at SR74, elevation 4919 feet (1499 m). The following species are found in the immediate vicinity of the trail outside the fence, and are listed in alphabetical order.
0.001bur-ragweedAmbrosia acanthicarpa5 / 155
0.002big sagebrushArtemisia tridentata20 / 350
0.003*downy bromeBromus tectorum99 / 9122
0.004strigose suncupCamissonia strigulosa20 / 227
0.005rattlesnake weedChamaesyce albomarginata50 / 932
0.006~pit-seed goosefootChenopodium berlandieri5 / 112
0.007Fremont's goosefootChenopodium fremontii20 / 468
0.008popcorn flowerCryptantha intermedia var. intermedia99 / 967
0.009Davidson's buckwheatEriogonum davidsonii99 / 972
0.0010*redstem filareeErodium cicutarium99 / 9171
0.0011*shortpod mustardHirschfeldia incana50 / 388
0.0012*foxtail barleyHordeum murinum99 / 336
0.0013wild pepper-grassLepidium virginicum ssp. menziesii30 / 526
0.0014California-asterCorethrogyne filaginifolia50 / 9122
0.0015sticky lessingiaLessingia glandulifera var. glandulifera99 / 519
0.0016Patagonia plantainPlantago patagonica50 / 317
0.0017*knotweedPolygonum aviculare ssp. depressum10 / 137
0.0018Palmer's oakQuercus palmeri10 / 24
0.0019*Russian thistleSalsola tragus5 / 150
0.0020blue elderberrySambucus nigra ssp. caerulea1 / 1117
0.0021*tumble-mustardSisymbrium altissimum40 / 947
0.0022desert globemallowSphaeralcea ambigua var. rugosa50 / 924
0.00Pass through gate
0.00lSign: "PCT; Table Mountain Road 4.5 mi; Terwilliger Valley 10 mi; Coyote Canyon Road 11 mi; Indian Flat Campground 31 mi"
0.00r23combseedPectocarya penicillata30 / 117
0.0024*puncture-vineTribulus terrestris5 / 112
0.00b(Jeffrey pine, Pinus jeffreyi)
0.00l(hoary aster, Machaeranthera asteroides; oak mistletoe, Phoradendron villosum)
0.00r25sapphire woolly-starEriastrum sapphirinum30 / 322
0.00b26coastal giliaGilia diegensis99 / 921
0.00b27*rattail fescueFestuca myuros99 / 167
0.00l28slender wreathplantStephanomeria exigua ssp. deanei30 / 927
0.00l29creeping wild ryeElymus triticoides30 / 216
0.00r30golden daisyPentachaeta aurea2 / 110
0.00l(matchweed, Gutierrezia sarothrae)
0.00l31San Bernardino suncupCamissoniopsis confusa10 / 517
0.00r32oak mistletoePhoradendron serotinum ssp. tomentosum10 / 347
0.00b(California evening-primrose, Oenothera californica ssp. californica)
0.00r(cotton-thorn, Tetradymia comosa)
0.01r33California suncupEulobus californicus99 / 5124
0.01l34matchweedGutierrezia sarothrae99 / 995
0.01l(imbricate phacelia, Phacelia imbricata ssp. patula)
0.01r35woolly yellow chaenactisChaenactis glabriuscula var. lanosa50 / 95
0.02l36Wright's buckwheatEriogonum wrightii var. membranaceum30 / 347
0.03Begin to cross wide drainage of upper Garner Valley Creek
0.04l37western lupineLupinus formosus10 / 17
0.04l38white mugwortArtemisia ludoviciana ssp. albula50 / 525
0.04b39purple owl's-cloverCastilleja exserta ssp. exserta99 / 323
0.05l40baby blue eyesNemophila menziesii99 / 34
0.05l41small-flowered fiddleneckAmsinckia retrorsa2 / 219
0.05r(Mexican manzanita, Arctostaphylos pungens)
0.05l(California brome, Bromus carinatus; phlox-leaved bedstraw, Galium andrewsii ssp. andrewsii; southern honeysuckle, Lonicera subspicata var. denudata)
0.06r42showy bajada lupineLupinus concinnus ssp. optatus10 / 95
0.06l(chaparral bush mallow, Malacothamnus fasciculatus; golden yarrow, Eriophyllum confertiflorum var. confertiflorum)
0.06r43Jones' prickly-nut cryptanthaCryptantha muricata var. jonesii99 / 520
0.07r(threadleaf common rabbitbrush, Ericameria nauseosa var. oreophila)
0.08r(cupped-leaf ceanothus, Ceanothus greggii var. perplexans)
0.09l(spear-leaved mountain dandelion, Agoseris retrorsa; red shanks, Adenostoma sparsifolium)
0.09l44California buckwheatEriogonum fasciculatum var. polifolium50 / 9131
0.09r45blue dicksDichelostemma capitatum ssp. capitatum50 / 987
0.09r46southern honeysuckleLonicera subspicata var. denudata99 / 984
0.09l(goosefoot yellow violet, Viola purpurea ssp. quercetorum; California broomrape, Orobanche californica ssp. feudgei)
0.09r(coast live oak, Quercus agrifolia var. agrifolia)
0.10l47birch-leaf mountain-mahoganyCercocarpus betuloides var. betuloides50 / 972
0.10b48mountain red-root cryptanthaCryptantha micrantha var. lepida99 / 533
0.10r49interior live oakQuercus wislizeni var. frutescens20 / 545
0.10l(closer Mexican manzanita, Arctostaphylos pungens; strigose lotus, Lotus strigosus; wild-cucumber, Marah macrocarpus var. macrocarpus; coast-range melic, Melica imperfecta; giant four o'clock, Mirabilis multiflora var. pubescens; muilla, Muilla maritima; scarlet bugler, Penstemon centranthifolius)
0.11b50bristly bird's beakCordylanthus rigidus ssp. setiger50 / 968
0.12l(desert prickly-pear, Opuntia phaeacantha)
0.13r(ashy silk tassel, Garrya flavescens)
0.13r51narrowleaf bedstrawGalium angustifolium ssp. angustifolium30 / 9101
0.13r52cupped-leaf ceanothusCeanothus perplexans40 / 933
0.13r53scarlet buglerPenstemon centranthifolius20 / 548
0.13l54leafy daisyErigeron foliosus var. foliosus20 / 3117
0.13r55Parish's needlegrassStipa parishii var. parishii50 / 968
0.13b56purple nightshadeSolanum xanti99 / 935
0.14r57desert scrub oakQuercus cornelius-mulleri50 / 928
0.14l58San Diego peaLathyrus vestitus var. alefeldii5 / 344
0.14r59southern Chinese housesCollinsia concolor99 / 923
0.14lsp(baby pine tree, Pinus sp.)
0.14r60Mohave yuccaYucca schidigera10 / 964
0.14l61basketbushRhus aromatica5 / 257
0.14r62showy penstemonPenstemon spectabilis var. spectabilis1 / 133
0.16r63wild-cucumberMarah macrocarpa10 / 577
0.16l64sand cressCalyptridium monandrum99 / 956
0.16Trail turns right 90°; now on north side of Lookout Mountain
0.16r65branching phaceliaPhacelia ramosissima20 / 53
0.16b66scattered blazing starMentzelia dispersa99 / 510
0.16b67ashy silk tasselGarrya flavescens20 / 932
0.17l(pink-bracted manzanita, Arctostaphylos pringlei ssp. drupacea)
0.18l68whorledleaf penstemonKeckiella ternata var. ternata40 / 938
0.18b69Mojave prickly-pearOpuntia polyacantha var. erinacea20 / 914
0.18l70narrow-leaved miner's lettuceClaytonia parviflora ssp. parviflora99 / 944
0.18l71coast-range melicMelica imperfecta99 / 985
0.18l72perennial rock-cressBoechera perennans18 / 933
0.18l73June grassKoeleria macrantha1 / 130
0.18b74western wallflowerErysimum capitatum var. capitatum20 / 5116
0.18l75hollyleaf cherryPrunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia5 / 542
0.19r76California bee plantScrophularia californica10 / 345
0.19l(annual malacothrix, Malacothrix clevelandii; narrowleaf goldenbush, Ericameria linearifolia)
0.19l77Martin's paintbrushCastilleja applegatei ssp. martinii1 / 179
0.20b78Purpus' wing-nut cryptanthaCryptantha pterocarya var. purpusii99 / 94
0.20r79sticky false-giliaAllophyllum glutinosum50 / 518
0.20r80squirreltailElymus elymoides20 / 2117
0.20l81southern tauschiaTauschia arguta30 / 927
0.20l82golden yarrowEriophyllum confertiflorum var. confertiflorum99 / 9141
0.20l83pink-bracted manzanitaArctostaphylos pringlei ssp. drupacea5 / 244
0.21l84California elegant rock-cressBoechera californica64 / 928
0.22l85red shanksAdenostoma sparsifolium99 / 920
0.23b86chamiseAdenostoma fasciculatum99 / 976
0.24l87desert prickly-pearOpuntia phaeacantha10 / 948
0.30l88annual malacothrixMalacothrix clevelandii20 / 49
0.30r89western tansy-mustardDescurainia pinnata99 / 982
0.32l90giant four o'clockMirabilis multiflora var. pubescens20 / 522
0.32l91common phaceliaPhacelia distans50 / 9107
0.37b92Veatch's blazing starMentzelia veatchiana30 / 311
0.37l(bigberry manzanita, Arctostaphylos glauca)
0.43Local high point on trail at east-west ridge near a saddle; elevation 5040 feet (1536 m); cross to southwest side of Lookout Mountain
0.43l93*pineapple weedMatricaria discoidea5 / 139
0.43r94*red bromeBromus madritensis ssp. rubens99 / 5154
0.44l95spmariposa lilyCalochortus sp.3 / 22
0.44l96Parish's bluecurlsTrichostema parishii3 / 322
0.45r97Parry's nolinaNolina parryi10 / 928
0.45r98three-lobed oxythecaSidotheca trilobata20 / 512
0.45l99California chicoryRafinesquia californica10 / 541
0.46b100Hall's caulanthusCaulanthus hallii99 / 913
0.48l101spear-leaved mountain dandelionAgoseris retrorsa1 / 151
0.49b102southern giliaSaltugilia australis99 / 98
0.52r103California thistleCirsium occidentale var. californicum6 / 251
0.53l104beady lipfernCheilanthes covillei10 / 259
0.53b105silver puffsUropappus lindleyi50 / 966
0.53r(hollyleaf redberry, Rhamnus ilicifolia)
0.54l106goldback fernPentagramma triangularis ssp. triangularis1 / 142
0.54r(dead chaparral yucca, Yucca whipplei, in 2009)
0.54l107cotton-thornTetradymia comosa5 / 14
0.56l108narrowleaf goldenbushEricameria linearifolia20 / 940
0.56r109hollyleaf redberryRhamnus ilicifolia10 / 586
0.56l110fairy bowties, threadstemPterostegia drymarioides1 / 183
0.58r111bigberry manzanitaArctostaphylos glauca40 / 934
0.59r112purple headAcourtia microcephala7 / 131
0.61l113sugar bushRhus ovata7 / 468
0.63l114chaparral yuccaHesperoyucca whipplei30 / 999
0.64l115whispering bellsEmmenanthe penduliflora var. penduliflora99 / 973
0.64b116*ripgut bromeBromus diandrus99 / 9103
0.65Cross drainage
0.66b(Parry pinyon pine, Pinus quadrifolia)
0.67Switchback left
0.69l117Payson's wild cabbageCaulanthus simulans99 / 912
0.71l118muillaMuilla maritima20 / 528
0.73r119*herb sophiaDescurainia sophia1 / 16
0.77l120blue larkspurDelphinium parryi ssp. parryi20 / 533
0.77121slender buckwheatEriogonum gracile var. incultum2 / 128
0.78l~30 baby plants in 5/2015 of California elegant rock-cress, Arabis sparsiflora var. californica
0.78l122short-winged deerweedAcmispon glaber var. brevialatus99 / 976
0.80b123desert needlegrassStipa speciosa99 / 960
0.80l124strigose lotusAcmispon strigosus30 / 3121
0.80Cross old road, now very overgrown
0.81l125wild canterbury bellsPhacelia minor99 / 948
0.82r(prickly lettuce, Lactuca serriola)
0.83b126giant needlegrassStipa coronata30 / 945
0.91Cross bigger old overgrown road; elevation 5000 feet (1524 m)
0.93r(Coulter's snapdragon, Antirrhinum coulterianum)
0.96l127bird's-foot fernPellaea mucronata var. mucronata10 / 581
0.99l128Coulter's snapdragonAntirrhinum coulterianum99 / 925
1.02l129chiaSalvia columbariae99 / 9122
1.05r130*Mediterranean schismusSchismus barbatus99 / 9126
1.07begin large patch of California suncup, Camissonia californica
1.08l(wide-throated yellow monkeyflower, Mimulus brevipes)
1.10r131white sageSalvia apiana30 / 7101
1.10r(woolly Indian paintbrush, Castilleja foliolosa)
1.12Cross first branch of Hamilton Creek
1.12b132little monardellaMonardella nana25 / 28
1.13l133woolly Indian paintbrushCastilleja foliolosa5 / 329
1.22Enter large patch of bigberry manzanita, Arctostaphylos glauca
1.23l134Parish's chaenactisChaenactis parishii1 / 14
1.23Cross small drainage
1.26Switchback left at ridge
1.26r135cane chollaCylindropuntia californica var. parkeri30 / 919
1.28b136Parry pinyon pinePinus quadrifolia10 / 55
1.29l(Acton encelia, Encelia actoni)
1.31b137Acton enceliaEncelia actoni30 / 534
1.31b138southern California silver-lotusAcmispon argophyllus var. argophyllus20 / 535
1.33b139thick-leaved yerba santaEriodictyon crassifolium10 / 13
1.35l140mountain grape-soda lupineLupinus excubitus var. austromontanus13 / 258
1.35l141phlox-leaved bedstrawGalium andrewsii ssp. andrewsii10 / 323
1.35r142narrowleaf monardellaMonardella linoides ssp. linoides5 / 114
1.39Cross small drainage
1.52Cross second branch of Hamilton Creek; elevation 4880 feet (1487 m); enter flat area
1.52r143sacred daturaDatura wrightii5 / 261
1.54l144one-sided bluegrassPoa secunda ssp. secunda10 / 166
1.57r145~Powell's amaranthAmaranthus powellii10 / 12
1.62l146Wallace's woolly daisyEriophyllum wallacei var. wallacei50 / 314
1.63l147purple three-awnAristida purpurea10 / 161
1.71r148hoary asterDieteria asteroides1 / 14
1.73l149Fremont pincushionChaenactis fremontii1 / 146
1.73Cross very small drainage
1.79l150San Jacinto beardtonguePenstemon clevelandii var. connatus1 / 18
1.79Switchback left at small ridge; elevation 4800 feet (1463 m)
1.88Viewpoint on lip of drainage to Coyote Creek (L); trail now parallels third branch of Hamilton Creek (R)
1.91b151southern mountain woolly-starEriastrum densifolium ssp. austromontanum30 / 241
1.97l152twiggy wreath plantStephanomeria virgata10 / 326
1.97Second viewpoint in drainage to Coyote Creek
2.05Third viewpoint in drainage to Coyote Creek; next 4 viewpoints not noted in guide
2.09l153southern jewel-flowerStreptanthus campestris30 / 212
2.13l154green miner's lettuceClaytonia parviflora ssp. viridis99 / 118
2.24lCheck for different Mariposa lily, Calochortus sp.
2.25r155fringe-podThysanocarpus curvipes10 / 138
2.26r(nodding needlegrass, Stipa cernua)
2.26l156wire-lettuceStephanomeria pauciflora7 / 1113
2.27l157~Bigelow's linanthusLinanthus bigelovii30 / 18
2.46l158chick lupineLupinus microcarpus var. densiflorus13 / 12
2.61Eighth and last viewpoint in drainage to Coyote Creek
2.63r159~papillate dodderCuscuta californica var. papillosa5 / 224
2.66r(a number of California broomrape, Orobanche californica ssp. feudgei)
2.72lJct. 4WD trail to 4721 foot peak shown on topo map, but there is no evidence of it now here or at its western junction at mile 2.98
3.11r160beavertail cactusOpuntia basilaris var. basilaris10 / 9118
3.15Begin descent into Alkali Wash; elevation 4800 feet (1463 m)
3.17l161~meally white pincushionChaenactis artemisiifolia / 29
3.24Switchback right
3.28Switchback left
3.35Switchback right
3.43Switchback left
3.48Switchback right
3.54Cross drainage of Alkali Wash; elevation ~4540 feet (1384 m)
3.60rDense patch of blue larkspur, Delphinium parryi ssp. parryi
3.74Cross second branch of Alkali Wash; elevation 4600 feet (1402 m)
4.04r162granite prickly phloxLinanthus pungens1 / 168
4.04Cross third branch of Alkali Wash; elevation 4680 feet (1426 m)
4.19Switchback right on slope of Table Mountain; elevation 4760 feet (1451 m)
4.19End plant trail guide
4.63Jct. Table Mountain Road; elevation ~4900 feet (1494 m)
Species seen only off-trail in the above guide are repeated here:
0.00163Jeffrey pinePinus jeffreyi / 128
0.00164California evening-primroseOenothera californica ssp. californica / 7
0.01165imbricate phaceliaPhacelia imbricata var. patula / 39
0.05166California bromeBromus carinatus / 1
0.05167Mexican manzanitaArctostaphylos pungens / 19
0.06168chaparral bush mallowMalacothamnus fasciculatus / 20
0.07169threadleaf common rabbitbrushEricameria nauseosa var. oreophila / 33
0.09170goosefoot yellow violetViola purpurea ssp. quercetorum / 19
0.09171California broomrapeOrobanche californica ssp. feudgei / 6
0.09172coast live oakQuercus agrifolia var. agrifolia / 51
0.82173*prickly lettuceLactuca serriola / 72
1.08174wide-throated yellow monkeyflowerMimulus brevipes / 23
2.26175nodding needlegrassStipa cernua / 21

Comments On Specific Species

Pinus quadrifolia. We were surprised to come across very few Pinus quadrifolia, or in fact any trees at all, in the first 2 miles of this trail. The needle count on the four specimens we did encounter was as follows:

# needlesPlant #
1234 1-4
31262  11
42231  8
512-5  8

See Needle Count on PCT North of SR74 and Pinus monophylla X P. quadrifolia: Addendum: Pinus juarezensis x P. monophylla for more information.

Quercus cornelius-mulleri. Plants at mile 2.5 are fairly clear Quercus cornelius-mulleri, but the plants at the beginning of the trail are ambiguous between Q. acutidens and Q. cornelius-mulleri. Since it is far from clear that there are two separate species here, we are just calling them all Q. cornelius-mulleri.


We thank Brendon Crill for help with the 22 November 2008 fieldwork, and Bill Sullivan for help with the 14 May 2009 fieldwork.


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Copyright © 2008-2016 by Tom Chester, Dave Stith, James Dillane, Mike Crouse, Keir Morse, Adrienne Ballwey, Kate Harper, and Bruce Watts.
Permission is freely granted to reproduce any or all of this page as long as credit is given to us at this source:
http://tchester.org/sb/plants/guides/PCT_s_SR74.html
Comments and feedback: Tom Chester
Updated 8 January 2016